Author Archives: Elsa

What Are the Benefits of Scented Candles?

This entry was posted in News on by .

Fragrant candles unquestionably are a marvelous accessory for any bed room. They appear in quite a few forms, finishes, aromas and perfumes. You can get a gentle ethereal fragrance or even a much more fragrant much more considerable essence. There is one thing for all. Even perfumes of the vacations can be additional to your furnishings.

The economical fragrant candles are a great deal of occasions just about every little bit as good or a great deal far better than the superior priced brands. Even the soy scented candles are very aromatic. The less pricey candles past just as long, and they are frequently pretty pleasant to scent if you enter a place.

There is not any purpose to buy a manufacturer title if the high-quality of the less costly product or service is the very same. You can get ornamental, scented candles or regular candles. There are various options that you may possibly pick from and it is really effortless to match them to the model and style or decor of the place. Even inserts or teacups are observed in a myriad of aromas and blends. All shades, dimensions and shapes can be observed.

Talking about soy candles, these are the most effective choice and they also do not charge a fortune. They will burn off up gradual and there is no wax wasted from them. Soy candles burn off pretty clear far too. They are just the far better substitute all all around if you will need amazing smelling superior high-quality candles that will in fact past. The solutions are also outstanding when you are in a position to choose from triple scented candles and permanently candles just to title some.

There are various functions for these great for a longer period lasting candles. Just one choice is the gentle essence of linden as you are stress-free in a bubble bathtub appropriate soon after a long day at your office. It can be a tranquil and tranquil essence which can enable you loosen up. They may possibly be wonderful to include appropriate into a centerpiece for a social accumulating a total bunch much more.

You never ever know accurately what specials and gains you can find for fragrant soy candles on the internet. When you have made use of these candles you may possibly not want to consider something else. They go away no place for improvement, and you will unquestionably conclude up finding your money’s value.

Verify out your personal choices currently. You are going to find a good deal which will function for you. No matter whether you are making use of them for dwelling decor or scent, selecting the soy choice is heading to provide you with a long-lasting great aroma you will be sure to genuinely like.

The Plastic Ball Shaped Mold talked about in this article can be observed at Amazon

Robert Harrick As a Cavalier Poet

This entry was posted in News on by .


‘Delight in disorder’ is an exquisite poem of the English literature by the poet Roberto Cavalier Herrick (1591-1674). The poem draws the heart of every reader for its lyrical quality and end rhyme harmonious. In the poem the poet expresses his feelings of extreme happiness, which derives the disorderly dress of a woman.

now discuss the ‘Cavalier poet’. Really the world ‘ Cavalier’ Latin version of Charles ‘Carolus’ comes from. ” The reign of Charles (1625-1649) was the time of ‘English Civil war’. Fighting between supporters of the name King ‘Gentlemen’ and supporters of the Parliament known as the “Round head”. However, a group of lyric poets than pottery associated with the ‘Knights’ are called the Cavalier poets, for example, Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, Thomas Carew, and sir Johan Suckling. These poets also are called ‘Sons of Ben’ as they were admirers and followers of Ben Jonson. Usually wrote short lyrical poems generally in the lighter vein, gay, trivial, witty and often licentious. The main object of his poems was the ‘woman and beauty’.

Robert Herrick was, indeed, a Cavalier poet. Because his poetry especially ‘delight in disorder’ has all the characteristics of the writings of the Cavalier poet. If we look at the poem, we must get the evidence in favor.

the poem ‘Delight in disorder’ is particularly short in length and very witty as well as licentious in the subject. It is the description of a disorderly dressed Lady. The name of the Lady is probably ‘Julia’.

very beginning of the poem, we see that the poet traces to a disorder in the grass which is carelessly thrown over the shoulders. He says the poet;

“a lawn on the shoulders of thrown
a good distraction;”

grass must be secured with the shoulders. But lady you are free to your neck. This is the source of joy for the poet.

then, the poet found another disorder in the stomacher. As the poet described:
“a bug that lace here and there
Enthralls the Crimson stomacher.”

Thirdly, the poet obtained a more disorder in his bracelet which is used carelessly in the hand of the Lady. As the poet narrates:
“a fist negligent and thereby;

tape to flow confusedly”.

Fourth poet note a disorder in Lady petticoat. In the discourse of the poet:
“a winning wave, deserve notice,
in the tempestuous petticoat;”

the petticoat must bind well with the body, but giving up the skirt of the Lady in the air. The poet thinks it’s a lovely meter.

Finally, the poet discovers a disorder in your very small. As the poet;

“a very small mistake in whose tie
I see a wild civility:” usually, disorder

makes a disgusted man, but in the case of poet makes pleased as he says;

‘do more bewitch’ me ‘ when
art is too precise in every part.

in conclusion to say that Robert Herrick, poet arrogant, very successfully breaks the traditional concept that enjoyment can only be found in harmony through the poem “delight in disorder” also has a musical quality and end rhyme melodious. So ale considering these things, it can be considered the best example of his poetic intelligence.


The Great Tamil Poet – Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiar

This entry was posted in News on by .


‘Bharathiyar’ is the name that reminded the Indians of nationalism, patriotism and Tamil prose and poetry. Born in 1882 he was conferred the title of ‘Bharati’ for his poetic talents at an early age. Bharati emerged as a poet prolific, earning the name of ‘Mahakavi’, which means a great poet. He died at the age of 39, but in its short life it had immeasurable contribution to your country and language.

life of a Patriot

lived in the tumultuous years of struggle for the freedom of our country. I had known to his contemporaries who influenced his political thinking as Mahatma Gandhi, Tilak, sister Nivedita, Aurobindo Gosh, VVS Iyer and Lajpat Roy. The Tamil poet and writer life is an example of maintaining the spirit of freedom, equality, justice and love despite poverty and against the oppressive British rule. Assistant editor of ‘Swadesamithran’ was a Tamil daily from 1904 to 1907. Launch Indio weekly Tamil which was the editor and edited a newspaper ‘Bala Bharatam’ in English. He had a turbulent life with living in exile, arrest, being imprisoned in the midst of extreme poverty. He continued as editor of Swadesamithran a year before his death in 1921. Social reformer

their noble dreams about our society and the country came out brightly in their songs and prose. He had the ability to use his literary skills to the best turn on the patriotic sentiment of the masses and on the ills of society that all their problems.

Patriot proudly proclaims

that there is no other country in the world can match the greatness of the India that has the Himalyan mountains, the sacred River Ganges and the Upanishads in their song “Mannum Imaya malai’ and ‘paarukkule nalla naadu’.” It is equally proud of the richness and sweetness of the language of the Tamil ‘yamarindha mozhiugalile’ lines. Proclaimed with equal pride the wealth and the uniqueness of the language Tamil.

advocates for freedom and society has

fearless wrote about freedom for individuals as well as Nations being influenced by ‘Vande Mataram’ patriotic song of Bankim Chandra. These meetings have injected courage in his writing. Considering this to be a divine inspiration went on to write revolutionary compositions which is filled with national unity and the spirit of freedom that his songs brought a spiritual dimension to the freedom of movement. ‘Swathesa Geethangal’ and ‘Janma Bhoomi’ dedicated to sister Nivedita are examples of his patriotic songs and serve the most disadvantaged and the emancipation of women. They were distributed to the people during the liberation movement of the India. Your dream of a free India and a society which is educated, devoid of its social ills and live in harmony. We can see that many of their dreams are coming true today. His writings when he was in exile in Puduchery were so powerful that the British was even imprisoned.

his songs for children ‘Paappa Paattu’ and ‘Pudhiya Aathichoodi’ evoked a sense of equality, love towards all living beings, society has and courage etc. His simple words communicate the ethical and moral principles to young minds without effort. His style was simple with a technique of weaving the spoken language and rhythm in poetry and beautiful prose.

the literary genius Bharati has made an indelible mark in the minds of millions of the Tamil people through his writing, which includes novels, short stories, essays and poetry.

you can download poems of Subramanya Bharatiyar free in


O P Bhatnagar – A Poet of Political Awakening

This entry was posted in News on by .


P Bhatnagar is one of the most leading voices of Indian English poetry whose thinking collections poems (1976), sense of fossils (1977), Angels retreat (no date), the Audible landscape, Oneric visions, bespeak generate shadows in floodlight illumination (1984) and cooling the flames of darkness (2001) of the political consciousness of the poet. As that is made clear cut Indian English poetry can never stay away from the political and social atmosphere of the India and poets not writing under a unique formula but rather a dialogue between man and man so Bhatnagar also addresses a number of issues in our society and politics. Comments by Dr. A.N. Dwivedi:

“Bhatnagar poetry covers a wide range of topics which focus directly on the length of your experience and the solemnity of his involvement in the Affairs of life”. (CIE217)

Bhatnagar approach of political issue is firmer and larger than any other Indian English poet has touched nearly every aspect of the political scene. Dr.V.K.Singh notes:
“we are Bhatnagar a frank analysis of the facts of contemporary life. Bhatnagar descants in countless aspects of political life existing nowadays. No outstanding feature escapes his eye very demanding. Bhatnagar breaks open the sine of various political enigmas. It reflects that we have before us is that of all the political problems.” (152)

as electoral issues, bribery, corruption and criminalization of politics, rampant corruption among leaders degrade the character of national leaders, Division of society by castism, communalism, linguism, and regionalism etc. and the total loss of values in politics are touched by the poet in an extremely sensitive and extremely sarcastic way that not yet is to be overcome by any poet of Indian English poetry. His claim of that ‘Indian poetry in English have to be Indian’ not can be ignored if we want to promote the literature of the India. Simply copy and deal with English and English literature are insufficient because India sensitivity is not suffering with the dearth of thoughts, emotions and sensitivity and because it has its foundation potential voice and vitality. Dr. R.C. Sharma is right when he says:

“the reason why Bhatnagar advocates make India poetry in English is riddled with conflicts and concerns;” and these conflicts and concerns are basically Indians. Bhatnagar is conscious of the environment in which the Indian poet in English lives as well as the duty of the Indian poet in English has to carry out.” (79)

O.P.Bhatnagar has dealt with a number of issues such as social consciousness, political consciousness, love, nature, philosophy and the Indianness. According to Dr. A. N. Dwivedi:

Bhatnagar poetry covers a wide range of topics, focusing directly on the extent of their experience the solemnityof their participation in the Affairs of his life. (CIE, 217)

thus Bhatnagar understands rhythm and the temperature of its time and therefore organizes his poetry. Try Bhatnagar with the theme of the policy is real and many. Various social problems which agitate the conscience of man are the themes of his poetry and he tries to shed much light on all of them. S.C.Bose notes:

“the poetry of O.P.Bhatnagar that in fact has many dimensions is also important as poetry of political consciousness”. (V. V., 29)

franco of the fact of contemporary life analysis and the picturesque layout make his vibrant poetry and attractive. According to Bhatnagar:

“the most vital areas of life are today governed by the quality of political life and environment are creating and living. Policy has now replaced our religious way of life. “We are fast being refers to a kind of nationalism that can define our roles and responsibilities in the realization of the fate of our nation in the future”. «Introduction», 8 (RC)

according to Bhatnagar:

Indiana English poetry should concern especially to the social and political life of the people of the India and, ‘ they must democratize their concerns and relations with society and be a source of expectations shared… that should throw light on the degeneration and corruption corrodes the identities. Talk of total loss of moral values, the darkness and the frustrations that permeates the national scene”. (RC, ‘ 9 Introduction)

poetry to Bhatnagar is a constant search and effort to symbolize for a best .to socio-political life, is ‘ a conscious art shaped by constant practice refined and enhanced through the vision itself. Like life itself, is the work of a gardener who after removing all weeds grown in the end growth and flowering. As such there is no influence of any particular thought his poetry in school. It is entirely his propia-un experiment staff inspired by age, area, time and especially by the human condition.

the first collection of poems of thought Bhatnagar (1976) has a lot of poems of political consciousness. The rich’s poems in the lack of content of thought in the excitement as the romantic poets, but the first poem of the collection see the process of poetic creation. Bhatnagar writes:

“poetry of meaning
as a deity in consecrated
words, the construction of the building.” (EDUCATION, 5)

Bhatnagar sheds sufficient light on the question of God, which cannot be resolved in the round the temple by the worshiper. God is a meaning and a deity enshrined in the words of the poem, the artist can only expose and seek him:

“can go round and round the Temple
but never be close to God.

we can go round and rand an idea
but never around than a thought.” (ibid. 5)

in one of his poems, predicts the future as bleak as the present:

– future appearance disappeared
as cactus flowers after the dawn
los Santos of bars, brothels and night clubs tasting
casinos and underworld
to turn moral, values and virtues to ice cream
holes for fun loving childness in cones. (EDUCATION, 10)

in the poem the new scale Bhatnagar tries to balance between a man meat is another man’s poison. The poet is the worn dictum in the modern context ‘a simple and honest man measuring spoons value life as it is dishonesty the best form of life’. The harsh reality of life can be seen as:

“a simple and honest man
in a worn mode may
still himself find life of measurement
ladles of value
bribery, corruption and counterfeiting

for him, a bitter poison.” (T.P., 12)

Bhatnagar wishes to say to that she is that accumulate wealth are the little interest with the interest with peers, nor feel any immorality indeed quite contrary to the code of conduct. In another poem ‘A Oh of wonder’, Bhatnagar expresses our feelings and helpless attitude. The poet regrets the diversity, disintegration that our country has today. The emphasis of the poet is more than nationality, a sense and an attitude. This idea is written by the poet as:

“ours is a multiheaded
country look in no particular direction
Trimurti is a vision all included
from here to eternity resurrected
telling the story of our frivolity.” (T.P., 14)

also in the ‘Country’s attention bonds’ poem the poet says about the loyalty and patriotism of those Indians that have been accumulating wealth, vanity and arrogance for his services to countries to those who have immigrated. These so-called loyal citizens and tireless Patriots visit India for its own cause:

“loyal citizens proud Patriots
never forget caring for his country
and fly back home from time to time
whether to choose a bride as a Prince
or buy a few country a gem of the Earth
put his Kingdom in a security sealed
bands with the guarantee of faithful with a wink
” “which although is does not belong to this country
insurance belonging to his empire.” (T. p., 15)

the second collection of fossils of sentiment has also some poems of political interest. Bhatnagar, despite the policy of an indirect way just not pin point very rare phenomena that somehow remain hidden from the eyes of those who have specialized in the game of politics. ‘Crossing the bar’ is realistic poem plaguing modern politics. His commentary on modern politics is worth quoting:

«moral as
thick as forests
do not let light;»

the game is rare loyalties Hunt

for the romance”. (F(F), 16)

another remarkable poem ‘ The no man’s land’ expresses the idea that freedom has not brought any racial change in the lives of people who are still living in the dark Dungeon of poverty, illiteracy, and justice. The liberation movement was raised by the masses, but only few privileged men arose to control. And when the efforts and sacrifices of the masses those privileged few captured thrown were success the country continued the judgment on the nation in the garb of democracy. By what feels good poet:

“before that the
British land was not ours:
after left,
was not our also
Earth is
to those who govern;”

the others will simply inherit
no man’s land.” (FF, 19)

the third withdrawal angles collection has a number of thought provoking poems in which the poet explores the meaning of time as assessed from the events of the cave of materialism combines hypocrisy. The tone of the poet in this collection is satirical and ironic. In the poem ‘history is a sentence go round’ the poet wishes to propose that historians often ignore the importance of the population in general and tend to magnify the facts of some privileged men. Political sycophants have no other way to the pages of history. Historians believe that his work in the register of titles and torture serve the cause of national unity and security and they are aided by political sycophants:

“political sycophants are his assistants
whose seductive predictions
fire to eat and carry out
shows Japanese fire
walk to dazzle already stunned”. (AR, 40)

However the fawning and political leaders forget that tyrants and blood suckers have to face a fall:

“too much repression and much POLITICKING enzymes
defeat forcing masses
forge in the smithy of his conscience
invisible weapons of his conscience
weapons invisible of his shame of Coronation of autumn
on the fronts of tyrants
and nail bitter truths
in” crossing times.” (A.R.41)

‘beggars can be Choosers’ it is a notable poem in which the poet extends its sympathy to the deceased poor, homeless and proposed that begging is not an evil which is harbored by shallow careerists, dare devil smugglers and deceit sells. Beggars are far from the medical condition of tension, alienation and loss of identity and the poet concludes:

“my humanitarian approach
seemed a grunt I
and my reformist zeal zeal beggars celluloid
little Dame account that can also be choosers
just under command the way we misunderstand one another
to keep our irrational ways are
that the deception without end
” put an end to forms of our destiny”. (AR, 43)

Similarly, in another poem ‘Thoughts on the day of elections A’ is another poem of political consciousness in which the poet ridiculed and paints a picture very vivid and realistic of the ignorant voters and officials can read and write as follows:

“ignorant in their routine
tail voters dreams
and a second passion
get rid of the symbols of sealing of indecision oscitant
for men.”

with a handful of literate people sealed illiterate favors in boxes of steel

and recording proud survey
percentage very about the polls
Queen as mourners retreated from their funerals.” (A.R., 46)

the hope of new political miracles after such democratic phenomena in every five years is finally interpreted by the poet who wants to say that democracy is nothing but the ugly face of oppression and injustice.

the fourth collection of verse Oneric visions indirectly reflects on the themes of the policy in which several fragments related to political consciousness are scattered on the volume. For example in the poem ‘if one starts asking questions like Hamlet’ the poet gives a reference to policy:

“fanatic erecting marble statues
of their heroes transitional
in the evanescent route times-
some whispering revolution
others proclaiming peace-
leaving the Sun with umbrellas to the common man
for elbow.” (V.O. 25)

in ‘who’s afraid of fear’ idea of the poet on the magnitude of the evils that say about the nature of the policy is expressed by the poet:

“to raise the specter of hooligans
smugglers hoarders and Santo-rodillos of a spicy denial of his betrayal

and evoke the deformed appearances
of men who wished to govern
or the man who could simply not be men
and as a” Shikhandi
the Branding sun shade


complain drop
bent with an old dream
morality of cleaning such as beauty
discarded by actors with cold cream. “(O.V., 35)

the concept of Gandhian non-violence is very well expressed in the poem ‘Non-Niolence and violence’.” As Gandhi, Bhatnagar feels that even violence has no limits:

“if one hits you once
that invite him to do it again:
if one takes off his shirt
offer to eliminate what is left.” (O.V., 35)

but is not virtually non-violence but a shortage of wisdom the poet suggests something:

“with the ideals that is folded like umbrella
one can save a day of rain
and enjoy violence for fun
but wrinkled dialectic of violence
is a little too monotonous
to ikebana of horror Unrelieved
unemployed’s sense of humor
it is worthwhile.” (O.V., 43)

the shadows of the collection in focus has several poems of depth and the observation that the poet turns philosophical as analytical. In the poem ‘ poverty, revolutions and dreams ‘ the poet argues with reason:

not appreciate poetry as its content
as Vice more than its purity
and frustrations behave a wfore:
for the poetry itself is a revolution
undreamt-of of in dream undreams. “(S.F., 17)

but the scene lives in another poem the poet presents the image of the modern India saying:

” the scene of life in my country
applies only to granite eyes Insensitive
resistant to our visions to reveal. “” (SF, 20)

and adds:

“is a scene where utopia and epic
are merging in a palpable chaos
adventure overrunning freedom
gangsterism whipping justice policy
maintain dignity captive
inaction to prevent the thought.” (ibid)

the collection saw the landscape Audible has extensive poems related to political consciousness in which the poet moans and reflects the current situation of the nation and its people. For example, the first poem reflects the servile mindset of people who are willing to suffer without a sigh. The nation has become cowardly and disease is beyond treatment. The poet says:

«slavery slaves of self are
happy ghosts-driven». (TO 9)

and adds:

“when slavery is beloved as a rhetoric to survive
not representation Cervants and useless Dostoevsky
Conceits of cowards need no therapist
or freedom a Marx or revive a Gandhi.” (p.9)
which reflects our this predicament:
“a prisoner is more free than those
has no freedom even to dream.” (ibid)

almost the same tone is continued in the following poem ‘ the walls of the prison House remain ‘. Bhatnagar writes:

“we have broken the chains of Slavery
remain prisonhouse walls.» (TO 10)

the following excerpt from the poem reflects the plight of Indians:

“our despair is not because there
is less revolution
but few changes”. (ibid)

“now are looking for leaders to follow God
to send us his grace:
we feel afraid to say the truth
and resisting what is unfair
All filthy and corrupt in our bones.” (ibid)

what fun is that we have taken phrases from reality forget all resistance and protest. Bhatnagar, says:
“caged too long in slavery
we have developed as circus Lions
unable to freedom in the emotions
developed in our own prisonwalls.” (. A.L. p.11)

the third poem in the volume ‘ can made be destroyed by Ideas, highlights the reality that can not be destroyed by the ideas of the so-called policy of cat can not play the game of hide and seek for a long time. The poet writes:

“a”yer were the dreams of tomorrow
today are the memories of the past-
villages to replace sky:

homeless resting in villas:
morality to be as strong as mountains:
hungry for power at the Taj-
all this is history now
policy that enriched the country with such long poverty.” (TO 12)

the poet concludes by saying:

“Poets even now are tired of dreams
strangled as Caligula to exit
lets fight reviving to offset the loss of material of art turned
hostile to art.” (ibid)

in this collection there are poems as ‘Still questions’, ‘The new morality ‘,’ the second coming’, ‘ to see Rashtrapati Bhavan’, ‘Larger displacement’, ‘Space’ and ‘Second conversion’ in which the poet says blades and weaknesses of our character and presents the snapshot of the suffering humanity and enjoying a nude life modern Bhatnagar attempts to reform the present scenario and motivates us to fight against injustice and humiliation.

the ultimate collection of cooling the flames of darkness (2001) also has a number of poems of political interest that highlights the poem ‘ the Janus political front ‘. The poet starts saying:

“that says takes it yellow sweat and suffering
to become a leader in these fruitful days!

with more charm disadvantages
way placement day dreams by faldage
misleading drawings of fain hope is China with all the imperfections
charm the unequal innocent
. (CFD, 17)

face farce of the India policy and politicians called Shams are sketched by the poet as well. Bhatnagar urges us:

“so, watch a hijacker of green seasoned hardcore bandolero

intelligent murderer of A: a smuggler of high-fi
a high mobile scamster
talk glib television
or dictate its undercover becomes
people twice besieged
him voting power with the
option forcing their way to a travesty of democracy.” (CFD, 18)

the poem ‘Devastated by children of civilized time’ shows almost all external conflicts in the world where people of modern times is more pleased in cancerous violence, sins and crimes being something ‘ on-line fiction Bestsellers: / Blow up the media to view on the internet’. Politicians are like Cassius Shakuni are fixing distant personal energy Park designs and are ‘get off your nebulous dreams’. According to him, politicians will never let the world change in its former glory. Says:

“are stricken civilized times-
our spirits limps have their own unnerving truth:

philosophers, physiologists, and politicians on one side
all Fireworks end for his glory in ashes:
and the waters are empty
through all the gashes of the mountain.” And
Howsoever much innocence can stand the test
by fire and water:
violence will never lose its shine
the evils of innocence cold surrender.

can be return to the tenderness of heart
lies through bestiality, faxed around the world
unchanged text on their authenticity. “(CFD, 14)

Similarly, in ‘The primitive age’, the poet imagines the more mishappenings of overgrowth of the ghost of the dirty politics and the ghasty:

” come one, come all come from hyenas or wolves

the roots inlaid naturally compel
power trampled to fresh shoot
and survive the weed grizzly
in a new grace of its ancient rooms
civilized Tesing in their

much biting “” teeth.” (CFD, 16)

looking for in my solitude the poet tries to relieve himself of the agony of the time, but finds solace in nowhere and says:

“philosophy, music for the agony of the
poetry can only half – persuade good taste
to savor the taste of loneliness
in good taste and confidence” “:
for the best bitter can convert
only bite less not sweeter still.” (CFD, 36)

as well, from previous narration it became clear that the poetry of Bhatnagar is free of all movements of left or right or has anything to do with any particular school of thought or ideology but a representation of reality crystal-clearly and narration of the truth in painting and live. The religion of Bhatnagar poetry is love and peace. His poetic credo is essentially human and good. Seems to be a real advocate of simplicity when he says:

“poetry in all its glory is a clear and a simplified version of the complex and the confused, because there is nothing more transcidental beyond the creative simplicity of poetry. Poetry wins not by his snobbishness, but by its simplicity. Simple poetry is the poetry of togetherness. If more India people to read poetry in English must obtain common and accessible and connected with the life of concerns human times of mere words, animals, maidens and sex.” (FD, 122)

therefore, we can say that Bhatnagar has tried politics as a metaphor in his poetry and his poetry has been established as the Bugle of awakening in the current atmosphere of political darkness.


oa. N. Dwevedi (ed.), contemporary English Verse Indo. Bareilly: Prakash Depot.1998 book.

oV. K. Singh. Critical evaluation of the poetry of O. P. Bhatnagar – to ‘Results from the political and economic life’. Under the supervision of Dr. T.. K. Ramchandran, sent to the Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, 1992
oR.C. Sharma and Dolly Oswal, «of O. P. Bhatnagar treatment of policy», Journal of the University of Agra’s research., PT. 1, I Jan.1982
. C. bose, the vision and the voice. Vol.2, Ed. G. P. Baghmar, Nagpur; Publications of Vishwa Bharti. (Abbreviated as V. V).
. P Bhatnagar(ed,) lifting columns – some Indian poets in English.Amravati; Kala Prakashan.

or – thought Poems.Aligarh: Lark publications. 1976, (abbreviated as TP in the text)
or – feeling of fossils. New Delhi: Samkaleen Prakashan, (abbreviated as FF in the text)
or – removal angle. New Delhi: Samkaleen Prakashan, (abbreviated as AR in the text)
or – Oneric visions. Jaipur: Rachna Prakashan, (abbreviated as OV in the text)
or – shadows and projectors. Aligarh: Publications lark. (Abbreviated as SF in the text)

or – Audible landscape. Aligarh: Publications lark. (Abbreviated as in the text)

or – cooling the flames of darkness. New Delhi: Samkaleen Prakashan., 2001 (abbreviated as CFD in the text)
or – future directions Indian poetry in English Jaipur: Rachna Prakashan, (abbreviated as FD in the text)


Tennyson’s Treatment of Nature in His Poems

This entry was posted in News on by .


Alfred Tennyson is a notable poet of the Victorian age who also studied nature with detail detail and accuracy of observation. Although Tennyson handles nature in his poems, but he may not acquire prominence as Wordsworth and Keats as a poet of nature. Wordsworth explores the meaning spiritual in nature while treating Keats of nature is purely sensual but Tennyson has drawn and colored the naturaleza-fotos with the conscious pictorial care of the artist. Tennyson create with Coleridge to interpret the mood of nature according to our mood, and that nature is happy or not. On the nature of the Romantic movement is regarded as a phenomenon that one could turn to guidance, spiritual sustenance and mental restoration. Tennyson belief often led him to describe and develop a human being in terms of natural phenomena. For example, in “Lotus eaters the” indolence of the sailor is made with reference to the pause of the streams, persistent Sun, precipitation of the languid air, etc.

Tennyson, Browning, and Arnold lost a universal enthusiasm for nature as the romantic poets. In the majority of cases the influence of nature was in sound and healthy, and symptomatic of the spiritual unity of the universe. The Victorians were not able to maintain the confidence and optimistic as possible for the romantics. On the one hand, as we will see, science humor a love of nature in any way as intense, as everything that one can recognize in earlier centuries, but on the other hand, with an emphasis on mechanical and chemical aspects of natural process, looking magic and not leaving room for spiritual direction. However now we can channel the poems of Tennyson where takes great interest in nature. “However” is one of the poem more outstanding that serves vast evidence of great interest and love for the nature of Tennyson. In this poem there is calm and quiet tomorrow with them leaves discolored, gossamers silver, the overcrowding of them farms ambrosia, Sycamore imposing, bats was in heaven fragrant, them trees put their arms dark on the field, the grey Orange old, the solo field, the boat climb the wind etc. them pictures of the nature in this poem would give pleasure and pain , because the poet shows that light of the Moon not only falls on the bed of the poet, but also in the tomb of friends dead in the Church. Often natural objects evoke a feeling of sadness rather than joy because they highlight human morality. In a famous passage (85) for example, the traditional procession of nature highlights human pain.

review “in spite” Charles Kingsley found that the idea of the root of all poetry idea of “dignity of nature” in all its manifestations of his generation. The description of the nature of this poem gives us the idea that plays an important role in the emotional development of the poem. In this poem Tennyson does not seek any associative principle which could be made a permanent reference in nature. However the poem of Tennyson “Ooeone” begins with the description of a valley in the Ida where steam of swimming is drag of pine to pine. On both sides of the stream are shelves in flower-rich meadows and lawns. Far below them roars along Brook, falling into cataract after falls to the sea. Back Valley is the highest peak of Gargarus:

“… the ravine of clover ‘ n
in waterfall after waterfall sea.”

behind the Gargarus upper Valley. “

the subject of this poem is concentrated by the unhappy experience of”Oeone”when she is being abandoned by her husband Paris.” Addressing the mother IDA and deal with land, hills, caves, and mountain streams, Oeone began to tell their sad story in the song. Also the poem “Tithonus” begins by the description of nature as “the decay of wood, wood decay and fall.” In this poem is the cry of the steam and the description of the death of the Swan after many summers. The poet describes the gradual onset of dawn in the person of Aurora. His kisses have a rich sensual shower Aurora image at the mouth of Tithonus, eyelids, kisses that were “blown sprouts medio-apertura of April”.

the study of nature in Victorian poetry is inextricably linked with the study of religion and science, since the revolution that took place in the religious and scientific thought inevitably had a direct effect and attitude towards nature. Nature must always loom large in any study of Victorian poetry, because it was one of the most important poetic subjects three or four. Foundation success of Tennyson poems nature serves as one of the basic functions. In “The Lotus eaters” the landscape and the landscape are symbolic of feelings of the sailors. Description of wide naturaleza-cuadros as a sunset, Crimson light of the setting sun, snow peaks, leaf, Apple and flower grow, ripen and fall silently. In fact, nature, as the inhabitants of this island has eaten of indolent oblivion of Lotus fruit. “Locksley Hall” the poet addresses the nostalgic feeling for expressing natural images. The poet used to roam the sea and saw the great Orion and Pleiades at night through the window. In short, we cannot regard to Tennyson as the romantic poets as a poet of nature, but we see that you certainly nature by his close scientific and meticulous observation. He often anticipates the nature to describe and develop the human being in general.


Keki N Daruwalla: The Poet and Novelist

This entry was posted in News on by .


KEKI N. DARUWALLA: POET and NOVELIST by ASHA VISWAS. New Delhi: Bahri publications, 2011. 173 pp., Rs. 500 /-, ISBN 978-81-909771-3-5

Keki N. Daruwalla, who has been writing for more than four decades, is a leading name in English poetry Indiana today (p. 31). The uniqueness of his poems has been recognized by critics and fans everywhere. There have been several books about his poetry, original and edited, images, diction, design and point of view, but the last of them by Asha Viswas, dedicated to their students, should be very useful to students and teachers alike.

Viswas Professor, herself a good poet with three volumes of poetry to his credit, is Daruwalla on the same pedestal as Nissim Ezekiel and Jayanta Mahapatra, and he finds a voice more representative than Jayanta Mahapatra and others. I am totally in accordance with it.

Asha considered the nine volumes of poetry and a novel by Keki and appreciates the variety that shows both in form and content (p 34). She also discovers that Keki writes with control over emotions and effectively uses techniques such as the game of words, irony and satire (pp 75-76). She reflects on theme canvas of the poet as inherent to their personal experiences as also its concern by realities often contradictory of indigenous life, diversity of cultural, historical and mythical landscapes and existential realities. To quote Bruce King, Keki Daruwalla write tough poetry with awareness of the “moral ambiguities and irresolvable conflicts of the human condition”.

introductory chapter of Professsor Viswas seeks to define and highlight the modernity and the Indianness of Keki, in addition to its “depth of feeling, economy of language and originality of vision” (cf pp 13-17) conferred upon him “a central place in the modern Indian English poetry.”

in the second chapter, ‘You moorings’, she examines personal life vis-à-vis of the poet the growth of his poetic career since the 1960’s. It is based on his interview with the poet to develop the chapter in addition to reviewing the comments of all her collections, two books of short stories, a novel and an anthology, two decades of Indian poetry: 1960-80. She underlines the poet global perspective, experiences and interests.

in the third chapter, ‘Treatment of the myth in the early poetry of Keki,’ refers to his legendary poems (five in low Orion, thirteen, four in appearance in April at the junction of the rivers) to demonstrate the mind seeks the poet, attitude impetus and eclectic vision. Professor Viswas also uses the techniques of stylistic analysis to interpret some of the early poems of Keki.

the fourth chapter intends to publicize the modernity of the poet, not a moral approach, realism, concern existential, lack of faith in the system and the avoidance of «common response» and «abstract notion». She observes: «»his satire and his iconoclastic approach invigorated its theme as does the speed of his verse and male force. (p. 76)

a discussion of the critical poet in the poems on landscape (ch. 5) intends to show “Maturity of vision” Keki that transmutes the “outside world” in the internal sense (p. 78) and helps you achieve inner peace (p. 81). ASHA Viswas found in the collection “a perfect harmony between impression and expression” to the Sanskrit poets (p 90).

the sixth chapter is a critique of a summer of tigers that provides instances of passion and irony (pp 94-98). With his abilities in stylistic analysis, Asha Viswas tries to highlight the poet “exploration and experimentation” (pp 95, 104) and its sensitivity for “rhythms of speech and its syntactic characteristics and lexical” (pp 98, 114) on the one hand and his love of mythology and the “racial history of the” (pp 99, 102, 111) and its criticism of Pablo Neruda (pp 110-11) , on the other. As points out: “his poetry is better on the mountains, tall grass, seas and rivers. Their attachment to the ritual scene giving Keki is a shot in the poetic vein “. (p. 112)

the seventh chapter deals with the River at night, a “global job” (p. 116). While the search for the poet to stay in landscapes brings you to the world of nature, in the River at night “changes its path of nature to human imagination” (p. 115). Asha Viswas here as Keki Orfeo and down in “the darkest depths of what we call the subconscious and unconscious”. She seems as Daruwalla himself admits that he has here tried diving into the “depths of consciousness and loneliness” (p. 117) which is, in fact, “a defense against time, decay and death” (p. 127). She also discusses some of his sueno-poemas (pp 118-121) and the isla-poemas (pp 125-26) in the volume.

the eighth chapter concerns ninth collection of Keki, the cartographer, registering your trip “both inside and outside.” Here one finds instances of the “subjective and physical, individual and universal fusion in…” (w) a awareness integrated “(p. 128).” ASHA praises his craft in the fusion of history, peoples, nature, religion, biography and vision in “intense reflection” and poetry ‘ speaking outside the still Center of being, the narrative and dramatic voice ‘ (p. 159). Analytical reviews on pp 140-158 should help every serious student to follow Daruwalla poetry in the right spirit.

the last chapter talks about historical novel of Daruwalla pepper and Christ (2009) presenting “a dialectical discourse of clash of interests in the backdrop of trade and religion (p. 161).

the bibliography at the end reflects the years of work that Viswas Professor has created to write the book, taking into account the needs of students both honours and postgraduate researchers and teachers interested in Indian English writing. It is a positive contribution of a teacher of poet see Keki N. Daruwalla with imagination and critical empathy.


Imperialism and Patriarchy in the Poems of John Donne

This entry was posted in News on by .


John Donne was an English poet and satirical writer who began writing in the 16TH century. Especially known for its inventive metaphors, blatant use of the language and tonal changes to their works resonate with various cultural topics, patriarchy and imperialism being some of them. By definition the Patriarchate regards the centrality of male authority over all social institutions and imperialism implies and maintenance or creation of unequal relationships based on law, economy and territory between States working on the ideas of domination and subordination. Patriarchy in the poetry of Donne has explicitly to such an extent that critics call him as “misogynist who loathed the bodies of women and despised their minds” John Donne in contrast to his contemporaries, Sir Philip Sidney, and Edmund Spenser was uncomfortable to be in the position of a submissive lover making strenuous efforts to woo his beloved. He rejected the notions prevalent in Petrarch and firmly believes that the consummate love was better than examine. His poetry is characterized by the installation of images that take the reader to wonder in their experience of the art. You can compare with the softness of Elizabethan poetry and an adaptation of the Baroque and Mannerist European techniques. He sought inspiration from Ovid, who represents the love that has been fulfilled and that considers sex a religious experience. On the other hand, Donne seems to exercise an act of use the rhetoric for formulate argumentativeness of their verses with rhymes jugged that resemble speech informal. Donne basically uses his genius to create his poetry coupled with notions of the time. Elaine Hobby says that “its audience was not a conventional Lady but other men subordinated in the axiomatic legal and economic structures and the ideologies of the time as sustained and strengthened the.” The apparent sense of superiority and dominance can be seen in many of his poems as ‘advances of love’ where the woman is seen in terms of its “central zone”, ‘the company’ where it establishes that the Act of finding a virtuous woman was impossible. “Comparison” is another poem where degrades called beauty Lady and in poems such as ‘The appearance’, ‘The Relic’ that embody the contradictions inherent in the female gender.

discuss ‘ Elegy: the lover go to bed ‘, the male speaker assumes the role of a teacher and the entire process of undressing the woman becomes an act of usurpation. When it says that “to teach you, I am naked first”, put the woman in a position of vulnerability and aims to exploit its both physically and psychologically. It is not a philosopher of love per is but aims to explore a new language of love that can contain the opulence of their feelings. Anthony Low avers that he considers that the female body as an object and lays it bare to be explored and exploited. In most of his poems, although profusely on females aunque profusamente sobre las hembras hay is just a female voice to be heard. Silences women by its lines poetically overloaded than subversion elegance courtesan, but however are engorged with the lyrical beauty. George Parfitt sees this as knowledge of love for the male in which the process of the male lover discover new truths and the meaning of life itself. The entire strip of the beloved journey caters to the nuances of the poetry of Donne and his obsession with the female body sensual and sexual. F.R Leavis and T.S Eliot you term as a romantic ‘against’. Even in his poem “the flea” seems to despise social considerations of Lady and almost obliged to grant him immediate pleasure. ‘The sun rising’ and ‘Good morning day’ are its efforts to create a utopian world by themselves, but this world encompasses a “talkative, predatory man in one hand” and one subject completely silent in the other holds Catharine Belsey. The commodification of women, the Act of consciously not praising the virtues of she and the Act of wanting to fully possess it are symbolic of the works of Donne. Desperate and misogynist overtones can linger, juxtaposing with the complete subordination of the inferior sex, women. The male voice can be analyzed as a monarchist, exclusive and oncological builds a series of imperatives and reiterates to produce a healthy effect of the master-slave relationship. Thus the patriarchal inheritance presents in most of his works and he can be compared in this respect with Andrew Marvell that in his poems “to the coy Mistress” combines the persuasion of love with the philosophy of the carpe diem. Material powers that seem to be the focus of work of Donne does not follow the traditional pattern of elegiac, but we invite the reader to question the prevailing policy of “love” and examine the equation of power in the hierarchy of gender roles and the naturally associated with them. From love as a moral virtue does not imply its holy connotations to this poet who seems to be interested in the achievement of carnal desires and the power of the male genitalia that raises him to a pedestal and from where he controls his passion and his beloved, thus subjecting seems integral in terms of spiritual, carnal, emotional and psychological nuances of life.

imperialism was a factor that was frequent in England at the time of the writing of Donne. Had principles energetic and optimistic of the expansion of the kingdoms and the manifestation of the authority on them colonies oppressed. We can see in his poetry a use frequent of images of cartography, navigation and similar. This is attributed to his intrinsic sense of interest in these disciplines. The process of colonization was related with the process of new discoveries and explorations for the topography. The symbolism geographical that defines the work of Donne also holds the process of control by the force. The territorial advances of the Empire also involve the operation of a rule of domination and subordination which is very essentialist theory of the self concept. Excludes exploitation and possession of local resources and includes socially boycott to the themes of the colonized zone.

in the Donne poem ‘ a hymn to God, my God in my illness ‘, uses a variety of metaphors such as ‘peaceful sea’, ‘Jerusalem’, images, ‘discovery of the South Sea’ to describes the process of his last trip being from Earth to heaven. A perspective sees this as being transcendental, but more that that counts as a function of the process of colonization that indeed can be free. It uses puns, ironies, conceits and dislocations to explain the changing meanings in this text. For example, puns of the word ‘narrow’ as steps which divide the oceans for passages that redefine desire. In his poem “Elegy: My Mistress going to bed ‘ metaphorically directs his lover as America’ a new Earth’.” Anthony Easthope defines this as a process of the “sexualization” of the beloved joins objects or ideas more crude: theology, religion and cartography. This will also not undermine the basis of the equation of power of the oppressor and the oppressed. The woman as a colonial subject is defined in terms of the “other” whose difference is biological and sexual and social. The woman’s body becomes the land to be acquired and seized and therefore incorporates geographical dimensions. ‘Good morning’, heroic missions and commandments on expeditions to the sea will help illustrate this further. Also in poems such as ‘Canonization’ and ‘The Rising Sun’, imperialism is hinted about. In the first, Donne establishes its supremacy to level double-a level of lovemaking and at the level of instructing people around him to not interfere in this Act. Catharine Belsey says that the man aims to ‘own’ land and ‘own’ the woman also. Thus the constant use of the word ‘have’ increases the assertion that the woman stands as a taxable person, placed verbatim to glorify the male hegemony of the speaker. The last poem speaks of a ‘bed’ to be the center of the universe, encapsulating lovers worldwide to focus the rays of the Sun on them. Thus the amplitude of the bed, the poet asks the spectrum of his tyranny over women, conquering their literally and also challenge the sun itself power. K.W. Grandsen sees these recurrent and explicit references to the discovery as a “sexual relationship to adventure” where Donne uses and dilutes their fantasies to control and subordinate. John Dryden criticises the play with the mind of the sex fair. Thus Donne uses the twin processes of imperialism and patriarchy to reinforce stagnation in his mind to subjugate the weaker individual – either the woman or the colonial slave. It breaks using the poetic instrument be slave of mistress and makes a complete inversion of this style. Subverts the existing model and tries to carve a niche for itself. Although his poetry can be called ‘no love’ but nevertheless it awakens the emotions of the reader. The wordplay giving subtle clues to its readers to have a deep look of his psyche.

Joan Benet avers that “Donne proved every fruit in the garden of love”. What about making Donne does not deny existing patterns of love but to reinvent them so that they are tailored to their theories about it. His range of subjects include religion, theology, divinity and its range of ringtones include the flamboyant as sombre. It cannot be refused in writing about only the instincts of the carNE or only the dominance of a particular sex in this aspect. Coleridge praises him saying having vigor of wonder-exciting, infinite stores of capricious memory, penetrating thought that used in will and resourcefulness that he exerts the most unexpected moment!


The Prelude As the Spiritual Autobiography of the Poet

This entry was posted in News on by .


this autobiographical poem is written in blank verse by William Wordsworth. He wrote the first version at the age of 28 years and continued during his long life without publishing. It was published three months after the poet’s death in 1850, and was entitled by his widow Mary. It is not an external autobiography of poet, but it is an internal autobiography. He holds the record for the growth and development of the mind of the poet with the help of beauty and fear. In this poem, William Wordsworth recalls his experience of childhood that was enriched with the magic of nature. For him, nature is a better master, and under his teaching, soul, heart and mind growth occurs. Therefore, she transcends the male spirituality.

in the first book of the prelude, the poet speaks of his childhood and the time of school. Flame nature to a mother, and each time it in the lap of the mother, feeling happy and free like a bird. In addition, he lived in London, but his life seemed to be unnatural. The poet describes his contact with nature at the age of five. He always played with nature in Cockermouth. In Kankshead, he and his colleagues used to take part in a variety of games. In this book, which recounts how was fed and raised by the various ministries. Nature is a master for him, and under his teaching, understanding the rules and became himself spiritually as well as mentally. He accepts that their powerful weapons are fear and pleasure.

William Wordsworth us familiar with his childhood and wandering. He enjoyed much with his long spell of bathing in the river. Its long bathroom increases your pleasure and attraction to nature; for she has cold water sweet color, rhythm and test. The poet felt a great joy to play with him. Sometimes it worked in Sandy fields and jumped through tombs flowers. At times, he stood just under the blue sky in the middle of the enchanting rocks and hills glowing with bright rays of the Sun. Under such innocent pleasure, he understood that a boy of Indian Red coming from the hut of her mother to a naked savage in the shower Thunder sport. His bath in the river and wander in the company of valleys, hills and mountains provide a healthy pleasure that helped him grow and develop your mind and soul. The poet reminds them due to linking nature or spiritual world. In addition, still gives you more joy and pleasure, and the poet is capable of expressing or write his autobiography internal.

in his childhood, used to play different games with classmates. At the age of ten, he used to take Woodcock on the high hill sides under the light of the Moon and how he used to take hold of a bird that was caught in the trap of someone else. He was busy in such actions to the nature. The nature looked you and him excluded from such unfair acts through fear. The poet felt that a low breath followed him continually and persistent. Your search resulted in a fear of annoying him and do it again.

his other sport was stealing eggs from birds. With his young friends, went looking for high hills, and sometimes, they found him hanging just above the nest of a Crow. At that time, it was a strange and terrible sound of the wind against the Hill. The sky and the dark and gloomy clouds used to giant over support with a horrible look. He felt pure problems. One thing, I must admit that kids like steal eggs and play with them. Its main cause is the color of the eggs that actually attract children. The other is nature that teaches the child through fear when you’re alone. At the same time, nature pursues him and puts in his mind the fear that he may not repeat such acts.

to steal a boat, nature emits it a pure problem. They stole a boat and you move it over the Lake. He saw that his boat was moving as swain in the Lake. Apart from him, going by the mountains that really a great pleasure to him. All of a sudden, heard the sound of the sides of the mountain echo because the teacher (nature) did not accept the action. Admitting as a warning, he came into consternation. Sometimes, he found a huge black-and-white raising his head behind the range of hills. Nature as a strange and horrible creature with his will and his power followed him without pause. Under such consternation, he was brought into the same place where you stole the boat. He was overwhelmed by fear and ran back with a pensive mood. His mind was always chased by such huge forms that fostered his soul with fear.

your game was skating on the ice. Remember he, along with other friends, who moved on skates around the trees and hills. Sometimes he became friends and pursued them. You agree that nature followed him when he was alone. The echo of sounds of skates from the trees and the surrounding hills rising gave him pleasure innocent. He used to enjoy in the lap of nature. He gave turned jocundly turns and turns. This always excited company that understand the pursuit of nature.

is the nature that allowed him to play in his lap and express his love for her. Although he was grown up, he did not forget those sprees and memories of childhood that made this easy and cheerful materialist world with a touch of nature. Poems about natural objects show its gratitude to her.