Imperialism and Patriarchy in the Poems of John Donne


John Donne was an English poet and satirical writer who began writing in the 16TH century. Especially known for its inventive metaphors, blatant use of the language and tonal changes to their works resonate with various cultural topics, patriarchy and imperialism being some of them. By definition the Patriarchate regards the centrality of male authority over all social institutions and imperialism implies and maintenance or creation of unequal relationships based on law, economy and territory between States working on the ideas of domination and subordination. Patriarchy in the poetry of Donne has explicitly to such an extent that critics call him as “misogynist who loathed the bodies of women and despised their minds” John Donne in contrast to his contemporaries, Sir Philip Sidney, and Edmund Spenser was uncomfortable to be in the position of a submissive lover making strenuous efforts to woo his beloved. He rejected the notions prevalent in Petrarch and firmly believes that the consummate love was better than examine. His poetry is characterized by the installation of images that take the reader to wonder in their experience of the art. You can compare with the softness of Elizabethan poetry and an adaptation of the Baroque and Mannerist European techniques. He sought inspiration from Ovid, who represents the love that has been fulfilled and that considers sex a religious experience. On the other hand, Donne seems to exercise an act of use the rhetoric for formulate argumentativeness of their verses with rhymes jugged that resemble speech informal. Donne basically uses his genius to create his poetry coupled with notions of the time. Elaine Hobby says that “its audience was not a conventional Lady but other men subordinated in the axiomatic legal and economic structures and the ideologies of the time as sustained and strengthened the.” The apparent sense of superiority and dominance can be seen in many of his poems as ‘advances of love’ where the woman is seen in terms of its “central zone”, ‘the company’ where it establishes that the Act of finding a virtuous woman was impossible. “Comparison” is another poem where degrades called beauty Lady and in poems such as ‘The appearance’, ‘The Relic’ that embody the contradictions inherent in the female gender.

discuss ‘ Elegy: the lover go to bed ‘, the male speaker assumes the role of a teacher and the entire process of undressing the woman becomes an act of usurpation. When it says that “to teach you, I am naked first”, put the woman in a position of vulnerability and aims to exploit its both physically and psychologically. It is not a philosopher of love per is but aims to explore a new language of love that can contain the opulence of their feelings. Anthony Low avers that he considers that the female body as an object and lays it bare to be explored and exploited. In most of his poems, although profusely on females aunque profusamente sobre las hembras hay is just a female voice to be heard. Silences women by its lines poetically overloaded than subversion elegance courtesan, but however are engorged with the lyrical beauty. George Parfitt sees this as knowledge of love for the male in which the process of the male lover discover new truths and the meaning of life itself. The entire strip of the beloved journey caters to the nuances of the poetry of Donne and his obsession with the female body sensual and sexual. F.R Leavis and T.S Eliot you term as a romantic ‘against’. Even in his poem “the flea” seems to despise social considerations of Lady and almost obliged to grant him immediate pleasure. ‘The sun rising’ and ‘Good morning day’ are its efforts to create a utopian world by themselves, but this world encompasses a “talkative, predatory man in one hand” and one subject completely silent in the other holds Catharine Belsey. The commodification of women, the Act of consciously not praising the virtues of she and the Act of wanting to fully possess it are symbolic of the works of Donne. Desperate and misogynist overtones can linger, juxtaposing with the complete subordination of the inferior sex, women. The male voice can be analyzed as a monarchist, exclusive and oncological builds a series of imperatives and reiterates to produce a healthy effect of the master-slave relationship. Thus the patriarchal inheritance presents in most of his works and he can be compared in this respect with Andrew Marvell that in his poems “to the coy Mistress” combines the persuasion of love with the philosophy of the carpe diem. Material powers that seem to be the focus of work of Donne does not follow the traditional pattern of elegiac, but we invite the reader to question the prevailing policy of “love” and examine the equation of power in the hierarchy of gender roles and the naturally associated with them. From love as a moral virtue does not imply its holy connotations to this poet who seems to be interested in the achievement of carnal desires and the power of the male genitalia that raises him to a pedestal and from where he controls his passion and his beloved, thus subjecting seems integral in terms of spiritual, carnal, emotional and psychological nuances of life.

imperialism was a factor that was frequent in England at the time of the writing of Donne. Had principles energetic and optimistic of the expansion of the kingdoms and the manifestation of the authority on them colonies oppressed. We can see in his poetry a use frequent of images of cartography, navigation and similar. This is attributed to his intrinsic sense of interest in these disciplines. The process of colonization was related with the process of new discoveries and explorations for the topography. The symbolism geographical that defines the work of Donne also holds the process of control by the force. The territorial advances of the Empire also involve the operation of a rule of domination and subordination which is very essentialist theory of the self concept. Excludes exploitation and possession of local resources and includes socially boycott to the themes of the colonized zone.

in the Donne poem ‘ a hymn to God, my God in my illness ‘, uses a variety of metaphors such as ‘peaceful sea’, ‘Jerusalem’, images, ‘discovery of the South Sea’ to describes the process of his last trip being from Earth to heaven. A perspective sees this as being transcendental, but more that that counts as a function of the process of colonization that indeed can be free. It uses puns, ironies, conceits and dislocations to explain the changing meanings in this text. For example, puns of the word ‘narrow’ as steps which divide the oceans for passages that redefine desire. In his poem “Elegy: My Mistress going to bed ‘ metaphorically directs his lover as America’ a new Earth’.” Anthony Easthope defines this as a process of the “sexualization” of the beloved joins objects or ideas more crude: theology, religion and cartography. This will also not undermine the basis of the equation of power of the oppressor and the oppressed. The woman as a colonial subject is defined in terms of the “other” whose difference is biological and sexual and social. The woman’s body becomes the land to be acquired and seized and therefore incorporates geographical dimensions. ‘Good morning’, heroic missions and commandments on expeditions to the sea will help illustrate this further. Also in poems such as ‘Canonization’ and ‘The Rising Sun’, imperialism is hinted about. In the first, Donne establishes its supremacy to level double-a level of lovemaking and at the level of instructing people around him to not interfere in this Act. Catharine Belsey says that the man aims to ‘own’ land and ‘own’ the woman also. Thus the constant use of the word ‘have’ increases the assertion that the woman stands as a taxable person, placed verbatim to glorify the male hegemony of the speaker. The last poem speaks of a ‘bed’ to be the center of the universe, encapsulating lovers worldwide to focus the rays of the Sun on them. Thus the amplitude of the bed, the poet asks the spectrum of his tyranny over women, conquering their literally and also challenge the sun itself power. K.W. Grandsen sees these recurrent and explicit references to the discovery as a “sexual relationship to adventure” where Donne uses and dilutes their fantasies to control and subordinate. John Dryden criticises the play with the mind of the sex fair. Thus Donne uses the twin processes of imperialism and patriarchy to reinforce stagnation in his mind to subjugate the weaker individual – either the woman or the colonial slave. It breaks using the poetic instrument be slave of mistress and makes a complete inversion of this style. Subverts the existing model and tries to carve a niche for itself. Although his poetry can be called ‘no love’ but nevertheless it awakens the emotions of the reader. The wordplay giving subtle clues to its readers to have a deep look of his psyche.

Joan Benet avers that “Donne proved every fruit in the garden of love”. What about making Donne does not deny existing patterns of love but to reinvent them so that they are tailored to their theories about it. His range of subjects include religion, theology, divinity and its range of ringtones include the flamboyant as sombre. It cannot be refused in writing about only the instincts of the carNE or only the dominance of a particular sex in this aspect. Coleridge praises him saying having vigor of wonder-exciting, infinite stores of capricious memory, penetrating thought that used in will and resourcefulness that he exerts the most unexpected moment!


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